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In the late 1990’s the US Department of Defense (DoD) and Congress identified the need for coordinated epidemiological research to determine how military experiences and exposures, including deployment, affect the long-term health of service members and Veterans. The Institute of Medicine more specifically defined the importance of establishing a large, prospective study for evaluating exposures and a broad spectrum of mental and physical health outcomes.
The Millennium Cohort Study was designed, in collaboration with all military services and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), to meet these research challenges.
The primary study objective is to evaluate the impacts of military service, including deployments and other occupational exposures, on long-term mental and physical health and health-related behaviors. The ultimate goal is to provide evidence-based knowledge products that inform and improve interventions, guidelines, and policies of key stakeholders including DoD and VA leaders.
The survey includes measures such as demographics, medical symptoms and conditions, and health-related behaviors. In addition, validated instruments have been incorporated to capture physical and mental functional status, psychosocial assessments, post-traumatic stress, protective and risk factors, and occupational exposures. Information obtained from the survey is linked with other military databases, including data on deployment, occupation, vaccinations, health care utilization, disability, and VA health care records. In addition to revealing changes in service members’ and Veterans' health status over time, the Millennium Cohort Study serves as a resource that provides a solid foundation upon which a broad spectrum of epidemiological research may be constructed.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
7700 Arlington Blvd. Ste. 5113 Falls Church, VA 22042-5113
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General Navy Medical Inquiries (to Bureau of Medicine and Surgery): firstname.lastname@example.org