Every child learns new skills at slightly different ages; this chart is only a guide that describes what most children can do at each stage of development. If you think your child might be behind on his/ her development, please discuss your concerns with his/ her primary care provider.
Birth – 1 month:Responds to sounds, fixes on faces, responds to parent’s voice or face, moves arms and legs equally, makes noises.
2 Months:Coos, pays attention to voices, eyes follow objects moving from side-to-side, recognizes parents, smiles responsively, lifts head/ neck/ upper chest with support on forearms.
4 Months:Laughs, raises body on hands, rolls front to back, good head control, reaches for objects, grasps objects (but isn’t able to let go yet), moves hands to midline.
6 Months:Babbles in response to parent’s words, makes consonant sounds (for example, “ba” or “ga”), rolls both ways, sits with support, brings objects on the floor closer by “raking” with fingers, moves an object from one hand to the other, tries to feed self, makes effort to get to a toy, looks for a dropped object.
9 Months:Responds to own name, sits without help, takes steps while holding on to furniture or other objects, throws objects, takes 2 cubes or other objects at a time, finger feeds himself/ herself, develops stranger anxiety, able to grasp objects using only a few fingers as opposed to the whole hand.
12 Months:Pulls up to stand, indicates what he/ she wants, can grasp small objects with only 2 fingers, bangs 2 objects together, speaks 1-3 words in addition to mama/ dada, drinks from cup, waves bye-bye, plays pat-a-cake.
15 - 18 Months:4-6 word vocabulary in addition to mama/ dada, imitates parent’s actions, tries to help around the house, walks well, stoops down to reach something on the floor, stacks 2 blocks, scribbles.
24 Months:Goes up stairs, kicks a ball, helps with undressing, stacks 4 blocks, uses spoon and fork, 50-200 word vocabulary, combines 2 words together, 50% of words are understandable to strangers.
2 - 3 Years:Jumps with both feet, throws a ball overhand, holds a crayon correctly, draws horizontal and vertical lines, unbuttons clothing, uses pronouns (for example, “me” or “her”), can recite first and last names, will get a drink if in reach.
3 Years:Pedals a tricycle, alternates feet when going up stairs, makes a tower of 6-8 blocks, partially able to dress/ undress self, washes and dries hands, understands a 2 step instruction (for example, “pick up the toy, then put it in the box”), 3 word sentences, uses plural words, 75% of words understandable to strangers, plays with other children, has an imagination, knows name/ age/ gender.
4 Years:Hops, jumps on one foot, alternates feet when going down stairs, balances on one foot for 1-2 seconds, draws a person with at least 3 body parts, wiggles thumbs, talks about daily activities, uses past tense, 4-5 word sentences (may still be stuttering), 100% of words understandable to strangers, fantasy play, sings a song.
5 Years:Skips, jumps over low obstacles, balances on one foot for 3-5 seconds, copies a triangle, draw a person with at least 5 body parts, prints name, asks for the meaning of new words, helps around the house, knows how to follow rules (don’t worry – no 5 year old will do this every time!).
6 - 7 Years:Keeps up with other children when playing and running, copies a square, defines a few words, appropriate behavior in school and at home, keeps up academically with classmates.