The NMRC laboratory focuses on solutions to operational medical problems such as battlefield neurotrauma and wound infections, decompression sickness, naturally occurring infectious diseases, and biological threat agents; and is home to the DoD bone marrow registry.
The NMRC laboratory is co-located in the Daniel K. Inouye Building with the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research at the U.S. Army Forest Glen Annex, Silver Spring, Maryland. NMRC also operates a Biological Defense Research Directorate at the U.S. Army Ft. Detrick Garrison in Frederick, Maryland.
The NMRC Operational and Undersea Medicine Directorate (OUMD) conducts medical research, development, testing, and evaluation to develop new information and technologies to enhance the health, safety, performance, and deployment medical readiness of Navy and Marine Corps personnel. OUMD researchers continue to persevere to find opportunities to build new programmatic capability and partnerships, and advance research focusing on improving conditions for the warfighter. The Directorate has three departments: Undersea Medicine, NeuroTrauma, and Regenerative Medicine.
The NMRC Infectious Diseases Directorate (IDD) conducts research on infectious diseases considered to be significant threats to deployed Sailors, Marines, Soldiers, and Airmen. Significant threats are those with the potential to incapacitate a large number of deployed forces over a short time period, hindering the ability of warfighters to accomplish their mission. IDD focuses primarily on three infectious diseases: malaria, bacterial diarrhea and dengue fever. The Directorate includes four research departments: Malaria, Enteric Diseases, Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Wound Infections.
The NMRC Biological Defense Research Directorate (BDRD) focuses on how to defend against the threat of biological and chemical warfare. For several years, the directorate has researched ways to protect military personnel in the event of a biological attack. The researchers are considered leaders in the field of detection, including hand-held assays, molecular diagnostics, and confirmatory analysis. BDRD serves as a national resource providing testing and analysis for the presence of potential biological hazards. The directorate’s departments include: Genomics, Immunodiagnostics and Hand Held Assays, Molecular Diagnostics and Clinical Research.
The NMRC Bone Marrow Program provides military contingency support for casualties with marrow toxic injury due to radiation or chemical warfare agents. Exposure to radiation and chemical agents, such as nerve and mustard gases, can cause unrecoverable damage to bone marrow, the blood-forming organ, breaking down the immune system in the process. NMRC's C. W. Bill Young Marrow Donor Program (BYMDP) is a prime example of the Navy's innovative research and how it has far-reaching effects. What started as basic research to explore the idea of viable versus non-viable organ transplants has spawned a national registry of bone marrow donor candidates.
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