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The Stress Continuum Model
It is important to be aware that investigations of a UCMJ violation, such as those conducted by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS), the Inspector General (IG), or a civilian criminal investigative agency, are usually time-consuming and stressful for the Sailor being investigated. This is compounded by the fact that legal outcomes may be difficult to anticipate and will generate stress and anxiety. Many Sailors facing serious legal problems will worry about being disgraced and about the detrimental effects upon their family, career, and life.
Sailors who have received administrative counseling, and adverse fitness report, or face the potential loss of their naval career through involuntary separation may experience a high degree of distress and are at increased risk for suicide.
The Naval Legal Services Offices (NLSO) represents Sailors facing both adverse administrative and military justice actions.
Under Article 31 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice:
A Sailor or Marine may be incarcerated on-base or in a civilian jail for offenses committed off the base. Incarceration is a significant risk factor for suicide. Special vigilance should be maintained for individuals with a history of depression, alcohol, and past suicidal behaviors. Commands and leaders are in the unique position to communicate concerns to the facility's warden when notified of an active duty member's incarceration. If the communication involves the disclosure of medical information make sure the release is permissible under the Privacy Act, see SECNAVINST 5211.5D. Jails and correctional custody facilities have the capacity to carefully monitor people when self-harm is a concern. However, there is an additional concern for Sailors who are released on bond, as they are not supervised by the courts. Leaders should ensure that procedures are in place for identification and courtesy notification when Sailors are confined to local jails.
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