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Woman smoking
Illustration of man smoking and coughing. The smoke forms little skulls

Tobacco products contain nicotine, which activates the brain’s reward system and reinforces the use of tobacco products through increased ‘feel good’ brain chemicals. It is important to remember that no form or amount of tobacco is considered safe.

Image of Tobacco Products. Mixtures of photo background and illustrations in the foreground. Cigarettes, Smokeless, Cigars, Hookah, Cigarellos and E-Cigarettes

Over 16 million Americans are living with a condition caused by smoking. Exposure to smoke, or secondhand smoke, can also cause health conditions.

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Stroke
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Eye diseases and conditions
    • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
    • Cataracts
  • Tuberculosis
  • Immunodeficiency conditions (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis)

On top of causing various health conditions, smoking can worsen other conditions, such as COVID-19, asthma, pregnancy and increased blood pressure


Smoking tobacco harms nearly every organ in the body and negatively impacts your immune system. It can also cause cancer in almost any part of your body. In the U.S., one in every three cancer deaths is linked to smoking.


Mouth and Throat

Voice Box



Lung, bronchus and trachea


Acute myeloid leukemia







Kidney and renal pelvis


Colon and rectum

Urinary bladder

Uterine cervix

simple silohuette of a person with numbers placed on the body

Electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes or e-vaporizers (i.e. vape pens), are battery-operated or chargeable devices that deliver nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco, with multiple flavor options and other chemicals to the lungs in the form of vapor instead of smoke. E-cigarettes are often advertised as being safer than cigarettes, but less is known about their long-term effects. It is important to remember that products that containing nicotine are highly addictive, and e-cigarettes still contain many carcinogenic, or cancer-causing, chemicals.

Most e-cigarettes operate using four components: a cartridge, reservoir or pod that holds a liquid solution of the nicotine, flavoring and chemicals, heating element, power source and mouthpiece for inhalation. There are currently over 460 different e-cigarette brands on the market. E-cigarettes can look like cigarettes or everyday items (e.g. USB memory sticks and pens).

Various e-cigarettes
What’s The Deal With Vaping?

We know quitting tobacco is hard. But the more you prepare yourself, the more likely you are to quit for good. Learn how to make and stick to a quit plan and how medications and other options can help you on your journey. Let’s get started!

    Risks for the mother include:
  • Ectopic pregnancy (i.e. pregnancy outside of the uterus)
  • Problems with the placenta
  • Problems with your thyroid
  • Water breaking too early
    Risks for the fetus:
  • Delayed growth
  • Higher risk of premature birth
  • Permanent brain and lung damage
  • Higher risk of stillbirth
    Risks for the newborn:
  • Smaller size at birth or underweight
  • Colic with uncontrollable crying, irritable
  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  • Higher risk of developing obesity and asthma during childhood

Exposure to secondhand smoke can negatively impact a person’s health. Around 41,000 nonsmoking U.S. adults and 400 infants die each year from secondhand smoke. Exposure can lead to similar health outcomes as those who do smoke including stroke, lung cancer and heart disease. Children who are exposed are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), acute respiratory infections, ear conditions, asthma, respiratory symptoms and slowed lung growth.

Young girl is standing in a cloud of cigarette smoke

How to Quit - Resources to help you quit smoking. - Resources, tools, tips, articles and resources to help you quit tobacco use

YouCanQuit2 (DoD) - YouCanQuit2 Resources to help you quit smoking, vaping and dipping.

Call a Quitline Speak with a counselor/coach.

Text Messaging Programs - Check out these free mobile text programs

Live Chat - You may chat with a specialist at the National Cancer institute

Practice Quitting Programs - Options for tobacco users who want to quit, but aren’t ready to set a quit date yet.

Want to quit Vaping?

Tips from Former Smokers - Get the history of real smokers and how smoking has affected their lives and quality of life.

Talk to your Medical/Dental Provider about quitting options

Mobile phone with the Mindfulness Coach App on the screen

QuitGuide is a free smartphone app that can help you quit smoking. You can track your cigarette cravings and moods, monitor your progress toward achieving smokefree milestones, discover your reasons for quitting smoking, identify smoking triggers and develop strategies to deal with them, get expert guidance on how to quit smoking and address nicotine withdrawal, and access a variety of other strategies to help you successfully become and stay smokefree.

You Can Quit 2 logo

YouCanQuit2 is a Defense Department (DOD) educational campaign, aligned to the Defense Health Agency, for the U.S. military. Originally launched in February of 2007, the mission of the campaign is to help Service members quit tobacco—for themselves and their loved ones

Visit YouCanQuit2 for more information -

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